In special education, physical disabilities are physical limitations or health problems that interfere with school attendance or learning to such an extent that special services, training, equipment, materials, or facilities are required. In the early twenty-first century, approximately 500,000 school children in the United States were classified as having physical disabilities or other health impairments for special education purposes. Since 1975, federal law (under the Education for All Handicapped Children Act, and since 1990, the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act [IDEA]) has mandated special education and related services for all students with physical disabilities that interfere with their education. Major classifications include neurological conditions, musculoskeletal conditions, and other health impairments.
(n.d.) Retrieved from <a href="http://education.stateuniversity.com/pages/2322
/Physical-Disabilities-Education-Individuals-With.html Education of Individuals With Physical Disabilities - Types and Causes of Physical Disabilities, The Basics and History of Special Education, Trends and Controversies.
Physical therapy and occupational therapy are two services that are sometimes provided to students with physical disabilities in the public school system. Physical therapy focuses on gross motor skills that involve the larger muscles in the body. A disabled child can improve strength, movement, endurance and muscle tone through exercises that are performed with a therapist's help. School physical therapy treatment assists a student in traveling throughout the school environment; participating in classroom activities; maintaining and altering positions in the classroom; as well as managing stairs, restrooms and the cafeteria. Physical therapy is also recommended for improving wheelchair mobility. A special needs student often meets with the physical therapist once or twice per week, depending on the child’s individual needs. However, in some instances, the physical therapist’s role is to consult with the student’s teachers regarding impact of mobility and functional movement on the child's participation in school activities then make appropriate recommendations. Zachry, Anne. (2011)Special Education Services for Phyiscally Disabled Students in Public Schools. Retrieved from the Bright Hub website: http://www.brighthub.com/education/special/articles/
Education World. Teaching can be tailored to compensate for the different learning needs of most children inside the regular classroom. Some children with measured disabilities will require focused instruction in one-on-one or small-group settings. But other children who need help to keep up with their peers -- especially those with more severe disabilities -- can benefit from machines designed to help them learn! Such "assistive devices" aid their learning, understanding, and participation in the regular classroom environment.
Association for Children with a Disability. This website contains videos, answers to questions, and personal parent stories designed to help teachers engage disabled students and promote classroom inclusion. http://www.acd.org.au/inclusive_classroom/index.htm
Disability Studies for Teachers. This resource offers lesson plans and essays that teachers can use to integrate disability studies into a variety of subjects including history and social studies. http://www.medicaresolutions.com/students-with-disabilities.asp
Students with physical impairments fall into two categories — those with orthopedic impairments (use of one or more limbs severely restricted) and those with other health impairments.
• Provide class materials in an accessible format
such as large print or tape recordings
• Allow sufficient time to complete written assignments
• Design assignments to accentuate student’s strengths
• Use teaching assistants, lab partners, or others to provide physical assistance
• Use correct student computer positioning
• Adjust keyboard control system
• Modify course
• Provide positive reinforcement
• Environmental adaptations
(n.d.) Teaching Students with Physical Disabilities. Retrieved from the Bright HUb website: http://www.brighthubeducation.com/special-ed-law/29875-idea-accommodations-for-students-with-physical-disabilities/